Problems arise with the structures of the spine when the puzzle pieces (bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, or cartilage) fail to fit snuggly together (in alignment). These structural changes or damages to the vertebrae and surrounding tissue can create difficulty for the health of the spine. These problems, to name a few, include such factors as injuries, non-injury conditions, and changes occurring with age. The paragraphs below discuss some of the back problems.
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Injuries frequently occur to the back such as slipped or ruptured discs. In fact, 80 percent of adults complain of back pain at least once during their life time. For on-the-job injuries, back pain leads the cause of disability claims.
Spondylolysis describes a condition where a defect (thin bone) exists in the vertebrae at a specific area on the bone, called the Pars Interarticularis. When the bone breaks at the Pars Interarticularis, the condition is called spondylolysis. The pars interarticularis resides on the back of the vertebrae.
Changes Occurring with Ages:
The Disease in degenerative joint or osteoarthritis affects the discs between the vertebrae causing damage or deterioration of this structure. These discs loose the spongy cushion and the bones rub together causing pain, swelling and little bit stiffness in either the cervical spine of the neck or the lumbar spine of the lower back. The condition gets worse as one ages. Treatment varies from such examples as lifestyle modifications, medications, physical therapy and surgery.