Most hip fractures (broken bones) occur from falls in people over age 65 years; though children and young adults do break a hip from time to time by falling off bicycles or by injury during sports. The bone breaks usually on the upper part of the femur near where the thighbone goes into the pelvic socket.
Dr. Gyanendra Singh is an Orthopedic Surgeon based in New Delhi. He is a specialist in this domain and offering several services like total hip replacement surgery. All surgery is performed as per the prescribed clinical standards.
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
- The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or “press fit” into the bone.
- A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed.
- The damaged cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place.
- A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.
A person may encounter a decrease in the range of movement of the hip, limping and/or trouble in walking that indicate problems. Other common examples for hip pain include:
- Arthritis causes inflammation, sensitivity to touch, and stiffness in the hip joint. A myriad of different types of arthritis can occur ranging from gout to osteoarthritis.
- Dislocation of the hip arises from an injury in which the bone pops out of their natural position in the joint. In the case of the hip, the head of the femur moves out of the socket or acetabulum.
- Leg length discrepancy refers to a condition whereby one leg differs in length from the other lower extremity. You can be born with this condition or acquire it from prior surgery.
- Sprains describe a torn or stretched out ligament in the hip region.
- Strains portray an injury to the muscles and tendons in the hip zone.
- Tendonitis or tendinitis, usually caused by overuse of the hip, arises from inflammation of the tendons. It not only produces pain in the tendon area, but can generate a loss of motion.
- The treatment for hip fracture primarily consists of surgery that may be either hip repair surgery or hip replacement surgery. In hip repair surgery, the surgeon uses screws, rods or plates to keep the bone together during the healing process.