Rehabilitation refers to treatments intended to facilitate a patient’s physical, sensory and mental abilities to recover from injury, sickness or disease to a previous usual state of health as possible. The treatment modalities aim to restore function lost due to their infirmity. Rehabilitation treats may types of disabled conditions such as amputations, arthritis, neurological deficits, orthopedic conditions, spinal cord injuries, stroke and traumatic brain damage, to name a few.
Types of Rehabilitation Services:
- Rehabilitation focuses on using the services of physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, dietary therapy, and psychological counseling. A patient’s treatment plan may involve just one service or multiple services depending upon the needs of the individual. Consequently, the type of therapy and goals of therapy vary for different patients and therapy plans are devised specific to each individual.
- Physical Therapy- Physical modalities utilized to help reduce pain and swelling includes heat, cold, water, ultrasound and electrical stimulation. Your physical therapist in conjunction with your doctor decides on the best treatments for your condition. In parallel to your physical modalities, an exercise program helps your overall function. Exercises may encompass stretching, walking, weight lifting, balance training, strengthening exercises and low-impact aerobic conditioning to name a few.
- Occupational Therapy- Occupational therapy services may encompass assessment of a person’s home, suggestions for adaptive equipment (braces, reach tools, assistive devices) and how to use the adaptive devices, education on modifying task to independently perform the activity or to conserve energy (chronic condition fatigue), and incorporate techniques in daily life to deal with symptoms of underlying disease.
- Speech Therapy- Speech therapy promotes activities to help with talking, communicating to understand, reading, and swallowing. The speech therapist deals with a broad range of speech defects and disorders, from using the results of an x-ray swallow test to determine the best form of food to give a stroke patient to teaching someone after cleft palate repair surgery to speak
In the rehabilitation situation, psychotics establish a relationship with patients suffering from body image alterations, depression, anger management, and post-traumatic stress disorder to name a few. Individuals encounter difficult times with their emotions when faced with major life changing illness.
Individuals in rehabilitation may encounter limited social participation due to his/ her health conditions or physical disabilities. Altered health and disabilities can influence the numerous aspects of a person’s life. He provide therapeutic support, advocacy and collaborate with other members of the health team taking care of a patient.